What’s an Agile retrospective?

An Agile retrospective is a gathering that is held at the end of an iteration in Agile software development. During the retrospective, the team reflects on what happened in the iteration and identifies actions for improvement going forward.

Each member of the team members answers the next questions:

What worked well for us?

What didn’t work well for us?

What actions can we take to improve our process going forward?

The Agile retrospective could be considered a «lessons realized» meeting. The team displays on how everything went after which decides what changes they wish to make within the next iteration. The retrospective is crew-pushed, and crew members should resolve together how the meetings will be run and the way choices will be made about improvements.

Because Agile stresses the importance of continuous improvement, having a regular Agile retrospective is among the most necessary of Agile development practices. The Ninth Agile precept outlined in the Agile manifesto states, «At common intervals, the crew reflects on the best way to turn out to be more effective, then tunes and adjusts its conduct accordingly.» A framework, such as the one below, can be used to provide construction and keep discussion during the retrospective focused.

Set the stage — get the crew ready to interact within the retrospective, maybe with a warm-up activity corresponding to Plus, Minus, Attention-grabbing (PMI) (5 minutes).

Gather data — create a shared image of what happened during the retrospective (10 minutes).

Generate insights — talk about what was successful and identify any roadblocks to success (10 minutes).

Decide what to do — identify highest priority items to work on and put measurable goals on those items so they can be accomplished (quarter-hour).

Shut the retrospective — replicate on the retrospective and the right way to improve it, and to appreciate accomplishments of the team and particular person interactions (5 minutes).

The form above is just not the only way to hold an Agile retrospective. It is important to consider different alternate options which embody, however usually are not limited to project publish mortems, PMI retrospectives, six hats retrospectives, and asking the five whys.

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