Biogas is a renewable fuel produced by the breakdown of organic matter comparable to meals scraps and animal waste. It can be utilized in a variety of ways including as vehicle fuel and for heating and electricity generation. Read on to be taught more.
What is biogas? How is biogas produced?
Biogas is an environmentally-friendly, renewable energy source.
It’s produced when natural matter, corresponding to meals or animal waste, is broken down by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen, in a process called anaerobic digestion. For this to take place, the waste material needs to be enclosed in an atmosphere where there is no oxygen.
It might occur naturally or as part of an industrial process to intentionally create biogas as a fuel.
What kind of waste can be used to produce biogas?
A wide variety of waste material breaks down into biogas, together with animal manure, municipal garbage/ waste, plant material, food waste or sewage.
Which gases does biogas comprise?
Biogas consists mainly of methane and carbon dioxide. It may possibly also embrace small quantities of hydrogen sulphide, siloxanes and a few moisture. The relative quantities of those vary relying on the type of waste concerned in the production of the ensuing biogas.
What can biogas be used for?
To fuel vehicles – if biogas is compressed it can be used as a vehicle fuel.
As a replacement for natural gas – if biogas is cleaned up and upgraded to natural gas standards, it’s then known as biomethane and can be used in an identical way to methane; this can include for cooking and heating.
Biogas: 6 fascinating info
1. Biogas is a gas of many names
Biogas is most commonly additionally known as biomethane. It’s additionally sometimes called marsh gas, sewer gas, compost gas and swamp gas within the US.
Biogas is a naturally occurring and renewable supply of energy, resulting from the breakdown of natural matter. Biogas is not to be confused with ‘natural’ gas, which is a non-renewable source of power.
2. Biogas and biomass: comparableities and variations
Biomass and biogas are each biofuels; they are often burnt to produce energy. But biomass is the strong, organic material. Biomass has been used as an energy supply since people first discovered fire and burnt wood, plants and animal dung to create energy.
Right now, many energy stations run by burning a biomass of compressed wood pellets – a by-product of timber and furniture-making. By replacing fossil-fuel coal, biomass enables renewable electricity to be produced.
3. Biogas is not a new discovery
The anaerobic process of decomposition (or fermentation) of organic matter has been happening in nature for millions of years, even before fossil fuels, and continues to occur all around us in the natural world. Right now’s industrial conversion of natural waste into energy in biogas plants is simply fast-forwarding nature’s ability to recycle its helpful resources.
The primary human use of biogas is thought so far back to three,000BC within the Center East, when the Assyrians used biogas to heat their baths.
A seventeenth century chemist, Jan Baptist van Helmont, discovered that flammable gases might come from decaying organic matter. Van Helmont can also be liable for bringing the word ‘gas’, from the Greek word chaos, into the science vocabulary.
The primary massive anaerobic digestion plant dates back to 1859 in a leper colony in Bombay.
An ingenious Victorian engineer, John Webb from Birmingham, created the Sewage Lamp, which transformed sewage into biogas to light road lamps. The only remaining Webb Sewer Lamp in London is now just off The Strand in Carting Lane – or as some wags would have it, Farting Lane.
Anaerobic digestion was used as a method to deal with municipal wastewater, before chemical treatments. Within the creating world the anaerobic process is still recognised as a cheap, natural various to chemicals and the reduction of dysentery bacteria.
And let’s not overlook that in Mad Max Past Thunderdome the publish-apocalyptic settlement Bartertown, run by Tina Turner’s terrifying Aunty Entity, is powered by a pig-farm biogas system with biogas used to energy the desert-chasing vehicles.
4. In the present day China leads the world in the usage of biogas
China has the largest number of biogas plants, with an estimated 50 million households using biogas. These are largely in rural areas and small-scale house and village plants.