Valentines Day: Its History and Celebrations


Celebrated on February 14 yearly, Saint Valentine’s Day or Valentine’s Day is the traditional day on which lovers convey their love to each other by sending Valentine’s cards, sometimes even anonymously. The commonest function of Valentines Day lately is the mutual change of love notes in the type of «valentines». Well-liked Valentine symbols of modern occasions embody the center-shaped define and the determine of the winged Cupid. For the reason that nineteenth century, mass produced greeting cards have largely replaced handwritten notes. It’s believed that almost one billion Valentines Day cards are despatched annually worldwide, making it only the second largest card-sending vacation next to Christmas. Girls are believed to buy approximately eighty five percent of all «valentines».

Stories of many Valentines

Opinions differ about who St Valentine was. Early martyrologies mention a minimum of three St Valentines under the date of 14 February. One is a priest at Rome, another a Bishop of Interamna (now Terni in Italy) and the opposite lived and died in Africa. Many, nevertheless, are of the opinion that the primary are the same person.

It is, nonetheless, widely believed that Valentine’s Day has perhaps originated from the traditional Roman feast of Lupercalia. A festival was held on February 15 in honor of one among their gods Lupercus, who was called upon by the Romans to ward off the threats of these fierce wolves that roamed the adjacent forests. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia, a love lottery was organized in which the names of Roman girls have been written on slips of paper and positioned into jars. Every younger man then drew a slip and the girl whose name he picked up was to be his sweetheart for the year.

The vacation subsequently turned Valentine’s Day after a priest named Valentine. At that time when Christianity was nonetheless a new religion, Valentine was a priest in Rome. The then Emperor Claudius II, had issued an order forbidding the Roman soldiers to marry or become engaged. The emperor believed that when they acquired married, his soldiers would want to keep house moderately than combat his wars. Valentine defied the Emperor’s decree and secretly married the younger couples. He was finally arrested, imprisoned, and beheaded on February 14, the eve of Lupercalia. Valentine was posthumously named a saint. As Christianity grew stronger in Rome, the monks moved the Lupercalia or spring vacation from February 15 to February 14, i.e., Valentine’s Day. Since then the holiday began honoring Saint Valentine instead of Lupercus.

«Out of your Valentine»

In accordance with one other story, Valentine was one of many early Christians who was seized and dragged before the Prefect of Rome and jailed for helping some Christian martyrs. He cured the jailor’s daughter of blindness while in jail. When the emperor discovered of this miracle he ordered the beheading of Valentine. Valentine is said to have sent the jailor’s daughter a farewell message signed, «Out of your Valentine».

In 1969, as half of a bigger effort to reduce the number of saint days of purely legendary origin, the Church removed St. Valentine’s Day as an official holiday from its calendar. At current, February 14 is dedicated only to Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius.

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