Valentines Day: Its History and Celebrations


Celebrated on February 14 yearly, Saint Valentine’s Day or Valentine’s Day is the traditional day on which lovers convey their love to one another by sending Valentine’s cards, typically even anonymously. The most common feature of Valentines Day these days is the mutual trade of affection notes within the form of «valentines». Fashionable Valentine symbols of modern occasions embrace the heart-shaped define and the determine of the winged Cupid. For the reason that 19th century, mass produced greeting cards have largely changed handwritten notes. It’s believed that almost one billion Valentines Day cards are sent annually worldwide, making it only the second largest card-sending vacation next to Christmas. Women are believed to purchase approximately 85 percent of all «valentines».

Tales of many Valentines

Opinions differ about who St Valentine was. Early martyrologies point out not less than three St Valentines under the date of 14 February. One is a priest at Rome, another a Bishop of Interamna (now Terni in Italy) and the other lived and died in Africa. Many, nonetheless, are of the opinion that the first are the identical person.

It is, nonetheless, widely believed that Valentine’s Day has maybe originated from the ancient Roman feast of Lupercalia. A festival was held on February 15 in honor of certainly one of their gods Lupercus, who was called upon by the Romans to ward off the threats of these fierce wolves that roamed the adjacent forests. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia, a love lottery was organized in which the names of Roman girls have been written on slips of paper and positioned into jars. Each young man then drew a slip and the girl whose name he picked up was to be his sweetheart for the year.

The vacation subsequently turned Valentine’s Day after a priest named Valentine. At the moment when Christianity was nonetheless a new religion, Valentine was a priest in Rome. The then Emperor Claudius II, had issued an order forbidding the Roman soldiers to marry or develop into engaged. The emperor believed that once they bought married, his soldiers would want to keep house relatively than struggle his wars. Valentine defied the Emperor’s decree and secretly married the younger couples. He was finally arrested, imprisoned, and beheaded on February 14, the eve of Lupercalia. Valentine was posthumously named a saint. As Christianity grew stronger in Rome, the clergymen moved the Lupercalia or spring vacation from February 15 to February 14, i.e., Valentine’s Day. Since then the vacation started honoring Saint Valentine instead of Lupercus.

«Out of your Valentine»

According to another story, Valentine was one of many early Christians who was seized and dragged before the Prefect of Rome and jailed for helping some Christian martyrs. He cured the jailor’s daughter of blindness while in jail. When the emperor discovered of this miracle he ordered the beheading of Valentine. Valentine is said to have despatched the jailor’s daughter a farewell message signed, «From your Valentine».

In 1969, as half of a larger effort to reduce the number of saint days of purely legendary origin, the Church removed St. Valentine’s Day as an official holiday from its calendar. At current, February 14 is dedicated only to Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius.

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