Hyperbaric oxygen remedy

Hyperbaric oxygen remedy includes breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized environment. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a well-established therapy for decompression sickness, a possible risk of scuba diving. Other conditions handled with hyperbaric oxygen therapy include serious infections, bubbles of air in your blood vessels, and wounds that won’t heal because of diabetes or radiation injury.

In a hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber, the air pressure is increased two to three occasions higher than regular air pressure. Under these conditions, your lungs can gather a lot more oxygen than could be attainable breathing pure oxygen at normal air pressure.

When your blood carries this further oxygen throughout your body, this helps struggle bacteria and stimulate the release of gear called growth factors and stem cells, which promote healing.

Why it’s done

Your body’s tissues want an adequate provide of oxygen to function. When tissue is injured, it requires even more oxygen to survive. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy will increase the quantity of oxygen your blood can carry. With repeated scheduled treatments, the non permanent extra high oxygen levels encourage regular tissue oxygen levels, even after the therapy is completed.

Hyperbaric oxygen remedy is used to deal with several medical conditions. And medical institutions use it in different ways. Your doctor could suggest hyperbaric oxygen therapy in case you have one of the following conditions:

Extreme anemia

Brain abscess

Bubbles of air in your blood vessels (arterial gas embolism)

Burns

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Crushing injury

Deafness, sudden

Decompression sickness

Gangrene

Infection of skin or bone that causes tissue demise

Nonhealing wounds, corresponding to a diabetic foot ulcer

Radiation injury

Skin graft or skin flap at risk of tissue death

Traumatic brain injury

Vision loss, sudden and painless

Risks

Hyperbaric oxygen remedy is usually a safe procedure. Complications are rare. But this remedy does carry some risk.

Potential risks embody:

Middle ear injuries, including leaking fluid and eardrum rupture, as a result of adjustments in air pressure

Temporary nearsightedness (myopia) caused by short-term eye lens modifications

Lung collapse caused by air pressure modifications (barotrauma)

Seizures because of an excessive amount of oxygen (oxygen toxicity) in your central nervous system

Lowered blood sugar in individuals who have diabetes handled with insulin

In certain circumstances, fire — due to the oxygen-rich surroundings of the treatment chamber

How you prepare

You’ll be provided with a hospital-approved gown or scrubs to wear in place of regular clothing throughout the procedure.

To your safety, items such as lighters or battery-powered units that generate heat will not be allowed into the hyperbaric chamber. In addition, you may must remove hair and skin care products which can be petroleum based, as they’re a potential fire hazard. Your health care team will provide instruction on making ready you to undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Throughout hyperbaric oxygen remedy

Hyperbaric oxygen remedy typically is performed as an outpatient procedure however will also be provided while you are hospitalized.

Normally, there are two types of hyperbaric oxygen chambers:

A unit designed for 1 person. In an individual (monoplace) unit, you lie down on a table that slides into a clear plastic chamber.

A room designed to accommodate several people. In a multiperson hyperbaric oxygen room — which often looks like a large hospital room — chances are you’ll sit or lie down. You may obtain oxygen through a mask over your face or a lightweight, clear hood placed over your head.

Whether or not you are in a person or multiperson atmosphere for hyperbaric oxygen remedy, the benefits are the same.

During therapy, the air pressure in the room is about to 3 occasions the traditional air pressure. The elevated air pressure will create a brief feeling of fullness in your ears — just like what you may really feel in an airplane or at a high elevation. You possibly can relieve that feeling by yawning or swallowing.

For most conditions, hyperbaric oxygen remedy lasts approximately two hours. Members of your health care crew will monitotherwise you and the therapy unit throughout your treatment.

After hyperbaric oxygen remedy

Your therapy crew assesses you together with looking in your ears and taking your blood pressure and pulse. If in case you have diabetes, your blood glucose is checked. As soon as the staff decides you might be ready, you may get dressed and leave.

You may really feel considerably tired or hungry following your treatment. This does not limit regular activities.

Outcomes

To benefit from hyperbaric oxygen therapy, you may likely need more than one session. The number of classes is dependent upon your medical condition. Some conditions, comparable to carbon monoxide poisoning, may be treated in three visits. Others, akin to nonhealing wounds, might require forty therapies or more.