Hyperbaric oxygen remedy involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized environment. Hyperbaric oxygen remedy is a well-established remedy for decompression sickness, a potential risk of scuba diving. Different conditions handled with hyperbaric oxygen therapy embody severe infections, bubbles of air in your blood vessels, and wounds that won’t heal because of diabetes or radiation injury.
In a hyperbaric oxygen remedy chamber, the air pressure is increased to a few times higher than normal air pressure. Under these conditions, your lungs can collect much more oxygen than can be doable breathing pure oxygen at normal air pressure.
When your blood carries this additional oxygen throughout your body, this helps fight micro organism and stimulate the release of substances called progress factors and stem cells, which promote healing.
Why it’s executed
Your body’s tissues want an adequate provide of oxygen to function. When tissue is injured, it requires even more oxygen to survive. Hyperbaric oxygen remedy increases the amount of oxygen your blood can carry. With repeated scheduled treatments, the non permanent extra high oxygen levels encourage regular tissue oxygen levels, even after the remedy is completed.
Hyperbaric oxygen remedy is used to treat several medical conditions. And medical institutions use it in several ways. Your doctor might suggest hyperbaric oxygen therapy you probably have one of the following conditions:
Bubbles of air in your blood vessels (arterial gas embolism)
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Infection of skin or bone that causes tissue loss of life
Nonhealing wounds, similar to a diabetic foot ulcer
Skin graft or skin flap at risk of tissue demise
Traumatic brain injury
Vision loss, sudden and painless
Hyperbaric oxygen remedy is usually a safe procedure. Issues are rare. However this treatment does carry some risk.
Potential risks include:
Middle ear injuries, including leaking fluid and eardrum rupture, as a result of adjustments in air pressure
Temporary nearsightedness (myopia) caused by temporary eye lens modifications
Lung collapse caused by air pressure changes (barotrauma)
Seizures as a result of too much oxygen (oxygen toxicity) in your central nervous system
Lowered blood sugar in individuals who have diabetes handled with insulin
In sure circumstances, fire — because of the oxygen-rich atmosphere of the treatment chamber
The way you prepare
You will be provided with a hospital-approved gown or scrubs to wear instead of regular clothing throughout the procedure.
To your safety, items reminiscent of lighters or battery-powered devices that generate heat aren’t allowed into the hyperbaric chamber. In addition, it’s possible you’ll have to remove hair and skin care products which might be petroleum primarily based, as they are a possible fire hazard. Your health care group will provide instruction on getting ready you to undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Throughout hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy typically is performed as an outpatient procedure however can be provided while you are hospitalized.
In general, there are types of hyperbaric oxygen chambers:
A unit designed for 1 person. In an individual (monoplace) unit, you lie down on a table that slides into a clear plastic chamber.
A room designed to accommodate a number of people. In a multiperson hyperbaric oxygen room — which normally looks like a big hospital room — you might sit or lie down. Chances are you’ll receive oxygen via a mask over your face or a lightweight, clear hood positioned over your head.
Whether you’re in an individual or multiperson surroundings for hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the benefits are the same.
Throughout remedy, the air pressure in the room is about to three times the normal air pressure. The increased air pressure will create a short lived feeling of fullness in your ears — similar to what you may really feel in an airplane or at a high elevation. You’ll be able to relieve that feeling by yawning or swallowing.
For many conditions, hyperbaric oxygen remedy lasts approximately hours. Members of your health care crew will monitor you and the remedy unit all through your treatment.
After hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Your therapy crew assesses you together with looking in your ears and taking your blood pressure and pulse. You probably have diabetes, your blood glucose is checked. As soon as the crew decides you might be ready, you will get dressed and leave.
Chances are you’ll feel somewhat tired or hungry following your treatment. This would not limit regular activities.
To benefit from hyperbaric oxygen therapy, you’ll likely want more than one session. The number of classes relies upon your medical condition. Some conditions, equivalent to carbon monoxide poisoning, is likely to be handled in three visits. Others, reminiscent of nonhealing wounds, could require forty treatments or more.
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